Authors/Ockham/Summa Logicae/Book I
From The Logic Museum
PART I: OF TERMS
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Prologue and letter
Chapters 1-13: names and terms
- Chapter 1 The definition of the term, and of its division in general.
- Chapter 2 On the division of the term, and that 'term' can be specifically understood in different ways.
- Chapter 3 On the division of incomplex terms.
- Chapter 4 On the division of terms into categorematic and syncategorematic, which is common to mental and spoken terms.
- Chapter 5 On the division of names into concrete and abstract.
- Chapter 6 A concrete and an abstract name sometimes signify the same thing.
- Chapter 7 Whether concrete and abstract names such as ‘man’ and ‘humanity’, ‘animal’ and ‘animality’ etc., are synonymous names.
- Chapter 8 Of abstract names which equivalently include some syncategoremata or some adverbial determinations.
- Chapter 9 Of concrete and abstract names where the abstract names only supposit for many items, and the concrete names are only verifiable for one.
- Chapter 10 On the division of names into purely absolute and connotative.
- Chapter 11 On the division of names signifying by convention, for example into names of first and of second imposition.
- Chapter 12 What a first intention is, & what a second is, and in what way they are distinguished from one another.
- Chapter 13 On the division of names and terms into equivocal, univocal and denominative, and what ‘equivocal’ is, and in how many ways it is said.
Chapters 14-17: on universals
- Chapter 14 On the common term ‘universal’, and its opposite, ‘singular’.
- Chapter 15 That a universal is not some thing outside the soul.
- Chapter 16 Of an opinion about universal being: in what way does it have being outside the soul? Against Scotus.
- Chapter 17 Of the resolution of doubts by means of objections which can be raised against the foregoing.
Chapters 18-25: The five predicables
- Chapter 18 On the five universals [predicables].
- Chapter 19 On 'individual'.
- Chapter 20 On genus.
- Chapter 21 On species.
- Chapter 22 Comparing genus with species.
- Chapter 23 On differentia.
- Chapter 24 On property.
- Chapter 25 On accident.
Chapters 26-39: Various logical and metaphysical terms
- Chapter 26 'Definition'.
- Chapter 27 'Description'.
- Chapter 28 Descriptive Description.
- Chapter 29 Two senses of the terms ‘defined’ and ‘described’.
- Chapter 30 On the term ‘subject’.
- Chapter 31 On the term ‘predicate’.
- Chapter 32 On how the predicate can be said to ‘inhere’ in or ‘be in’ the subject.
- Chapter 33 On the term ‘signify’.
- Chapter 34 On the term ‘divided’.
- Chapter 35 On the term ‘whole’.
- Chapter 36 On the term ‘opposites’.
- Chapter 37 On the term ‘attribute’.
- Chapter 38 On the term ‘being’.
- Chapter 39 On the term ‘one’.
Chapters 40-62: Aristotle's Categories
- Chapter 40 On the term ‘category’.
- Chapter 41 On the number of categories.
- Chapter 42 On the category of substance.
- Chapter 43 On the properties of substance.
- Chapter 44 On the category of quantity.
- Chapter 45 Objections to the previous view.
- Chapter 46 About things supposed to be in the genus of quantity.
- Chapter 47 On the properties of quantity.
- Chapter 48 Reply to the view that quantity is some absolute thing, distinct from substance.
- Chapter 49 On the category of relation.
- Chapter 50 That relation is no different from an absolute thing.
- Chapter 51 Objections which could be raised.
- Chapter 52 Things which are supposed to be in the genus of relation.
- Chapter 53 On the properties of relatives.
- Chapter 54 On the opinion that every relation is something really distinct from its foundation.
- Chapter 55 On the category of quality.
- Chapter 56 On the category of quality according to another opinion.
- Chapter 57 On the category of action.
- Chapter 58 On the category of affection.
The remaining four categories
- Chapter 59 On the category of ‘when’.
- Chapter 60 On the category of ‘where’.
- Chapter 61 On the category of ‘position’.
- Chapter 62 On the category of ‘having’.
Chapters 63-77: Supposition
- Chapter 63 On supposition.
- Chapter 64 On the division of supposition.
- Chapter 65 When a term in a proposition can have personal, simple or material supposition.
- Chapter 66 Objections which can be raised against the above.
- Chapter 67 Material supposition.
- Chapter 68 Simple supposition.
- Chapter 69 Personal supposition.
- Chapter 70 On the division of personal supposition.
- Chapter 71 When a common term has one supposition, and when another.
- Chapter 72 Doubts that could be raised.
- Chapter 73 Of 'merely confused' supposition, and the rules concerning it.
- Chapter 74 Of 'distributive and confused' supposition, and the rules concerning it.
- Chapter 75 How the predicate supposits in propositions about 'beginning' and 'ceasing'.
- Chapter 76 On the supposition of relative terms, taking ‘relative’ as the grammarian understands it, not as the logician does.
- Chapter 77 Improper supposition.