Authors/R de Clive

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Expliciunt questiones libri Phisicorum notate a J. de Aston post magistrum Ricardum de Clive. Quaestiones metaphisicae secundum eandem Incipiunt

From Amerini & Galluzzo 2013 p.p142-3:

With the questions by Richard of Clive (d. after 1306) we come to the 1270s. Richard was magister artium by 1276, magister theologiae by 1288, and member of Merton College at Oxford in 1276 and again in 1285.[1] His two question commentaries on the Physics and on the Metaphysics probably date from the early 1270s and possibly are the result of notes taken by a student during his courses.[2] The questions on the Metaphysics are preserved in two slightly different versions of different extension.[3] As we shall see, Richard's questions include doctrinal elements that are typical of the English philosophical tradition, but they also possibly show some influence of the contemporary Parisian philosophical tradition: for instance, Richard's view on the issue of the relationship between faith and philosophy is close to those of Parisian radical Aristotelians such as Boethius of Dacia.

Richard's Questions on the Metaphysics are found in somewhat different versions in mss Peterhouse 152: 322-351 (anonymous) and Worcester 13, 116-155v.


  1. 21 On Richard of Clive's literary production and its manuscript tradition, see Sharpe, A Handlist, pp. 464-65; and Robert Andrews & Timothy B. Noone, "A Newly Identified Redaction of Richard Clive's Quaestiones metaphysicae:: With Edition of Three Questions on Relation," Manuscripta 38 (1994). 23-41. For a short outline of Richard of Clive's philosophical teaching, see Donati, "England: Die Artistenfakultat." For a list of the titles of the questions of Qq. Met.-P1 and Qq. Met.-W, see Zimmermann, Verzeichnis, pp. 113-18, and Andrews & Noone, "A Newly Identified Redaction," 26-34, respectively.
  2. See the colophon of the Commentary on the Physics, Worcester, Cathedral Library, Q. 13, fol. 116ra: "Expliciunt questiones libri Phisicorum notate a J. de Aston post magistrum Ricardum de Clive." But see also Andrews & Noone, "A Newly Identified Redaction," p. 24.
  3. On the hypothesis that the questions on Books VII and VIII contained in the Worcester MS are not by Richard, see Fabrizio Amerini, "Il problema dell'identita di una cosa e la sua essenza. Note sull'esegesi medievale di Metafisica Zeta 6," Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale 13 (2002), 435-505, esp. 489-90, 505.
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