Carmelite friary, London

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Detail of the 'copperplate' map-view of London in the 1550s showing Whitefriars shortly after the Dissolution (courtesy of the Museum of London)

This refers.

"The medieval Carmelite friary in London was situated by the River Thames, a short distance to the west of its confluence with the River Fleet, and lying immediately east of the house of the Knights Templar. Although never the richest mendicant house, by the fifteenth century the Whitefriars' priory may have overtaken the other mendicants in terms of the numbers of brethren. One of the Order's centres of studies, it had a substantial and impressive library. As it housed most medieval Priors Provincial the London Whitefriars was effectively the senior Carmelite house in England, and members of the community were involved in the political and religious leadership of the country. Dr. Holder's research points out that the convent's churchyard was a popular choice of burial location, and the evidence of wills shows that large numbers of ordinary Londoners chose to be buried here in addition to members of the merchant elite and aristocracy."

The Carmelite Order (the White friars) probably set up its first English urban friary in the late 1240s, between Westminster and London, just south of Fleet Street, on a plot of land donated by Sir Richard de Grey[1]. The convent was the head of one of the English order’s four geographical ‘distinctions’ (the others being Oxford, Norwich and York), housing the Order’s provincial governor and studium generale which sent Carmelite students to Oxford, Cambridge and Paris. The library seems to have been considerable[2]

Leland In biblioteca Carmelitarum

Leland Collectanea, iv., 52-53

  • Longville super 12. prophetas.] Mirum videtur quibusdam.
  • Concordia Evangelistarum, autore Clemente, Priore Lantonensi.] Quaris à me &c.
  • Anselmus super Joannem.
  • Notingham super omnes epistolas Pauli.] Bonam visitationem, &c.
  • Rabanus super Matthaeum.
  • Gilebertus Porretanus super Psalterium.
  • Waleys super Psalterium.
  • Rabanus super Genesim, super libros Macchabeorum, & actus Apostolorum.
  • Liber variarum Cassiodori.
  • Methodius de initio & sine seculi.
  • Beda in parabolas Solomonis.
  • Joannes Damascenus de philocosmis.
  • Logica Damasceni. Item sententia; Damasceni. sede 6. laevi à tergo.
  • Gregorius Nicaenus de formatione hominis. sede 7. 1ae. lat. a tergo.
  • Exhortationes Caesarii.
  • Quaestiones Rabbi Moses.
  • Tancredus de aedificio Sapientiae.
  • Epistolae Dionysii Areopagitae 10.
  • Epistola; Cypriani.
  • Hilarius de Synodis.
  • Hilarius contra Constantium Aug:
  • Bedae epistola ad Uuithredum de Vernali Aequinoctio
  • Epistola Dionysii Exigui de termino Paschali ad Petronium episcopum.
    • Eiusdem epistola de eadem re ad Bonifacium, primicerium Notariorum, & Bono Secudicerio.
  • Computus Hilperici ad Asprum. Leyl. In meo exemplari deest praefatio.
  • Epistola Victoris ad Theophilum Caesariensem de circulo Paschali.
  • Computus Garlandi.
  • Gregorius Nicaenus de formatione hominis.
  • Exhortationes Caesarii.
  • Enchiridion Xisti.
  • Amalarias de officiis eadem sede.
    • Quidam annotavit in margine veteris libri, Wiclivum in libro suo de sermone domini in monte, et de apostasia, sumpsisse errorem suum de Eucharistia ex libro cuiusdam monachi, quem Wiclivus Ambrosium, aut Ambrosii discipulum nominat. Leyland. Forsan intellexit Ambrosium Ausbertum.
  • Alexander Necham super correctiones Bibliae.
  • Idem super Ecclesiasten.] Forma decens.
  • Collectiones Wallensis super Matthaeum.
  • Trivetus de perfectione iustitiae.] Insinuavit mihi nuper.
  • Joannes Bacanthorp de perfectione iustitiae.] Utrum Christus.
  • Opera Thomae Valdeni in tribus maximis voluminibus ad Martinum quintum.
  • Lectura Thomae Brome Carmelitae Oxoniensis achademiae. Floruit anno 1358.
  • Castellum amoris Roberti Grostest, Gallice.] Ki bien pense.
  • Ivori, provincialis Carmelitarum, expositio in Apocalypsin.] Legimus in ecclesiastica historia.

Trialogum

  • Uydeford Franciscanus contra Catalogum Uuiclivi in 18. articulis ad archiepiscopum Cantuar:
  • Determinatio Ricardi Fizradulphi, archiepiscopi Armacani, contra fratres mendicantes, in qua primum ponit epistolam Joannes Papae, deinde sic incipit :] Sed quia ista constitutio &c. Leyland. In fine libri additum erat, a quodam bono scilicet fratre, Armacanum malitiosum fuisse haereticum, & citatum à fratribus Avinioni coram Innocentio sexto comparuisse, senemque ibidem obiisse & sepultum fuisse.
  • Rogerus de Conwey Franciscanus contra determinationem Armacani de fratribus.] Confessio & pulchritudo.
  • Beston Carmelita de virtutibus & vitiis oppofitis.
  • Waleys super fabulas Ovidii.
  • Baconthorp Carmel: super libros Ethicorum.
  • Lincolniensis super 8. libros Physicorum, super libros de caelo & mundo.
    • Idem super libr: de generatione, & libros Meteororum.
    • Idem de potentiis animae.
    • Idem super Praedicamenta.
    • Tractatus eiusdem de Spaera.
    • Computus eiusdem.
    • Quaestiones eiusdem super libros Ethicorum.
    • Practica Geometricae, eodem autore.
  • Ockham super 8. libros Physicorum.
  • Yponostichon Laurentii Dunelmensis.
  • Guido de omnibus haeresibus.
  • Giraldi Cambrensis liber de Walliae topographia, sedc 3o lat: dex: à tergo.
  • Ranulphi Higeduni, Castrenfis monachi, historia.
  • Chronica Martini.
  • Lincolniensis de cessatione legalium.
  • Solini vetustissimum exemplar.
  • Julii Frontini liber Strategematon.
  • Macrobius.
  • Dudonis de Nortmannis historia.
  • Armacanus, alias Fizrafe, de paupertate Christi ad Innocentium. qui Clementi 6o. successit.
  • Armacani de quaestionibus Armenorum libri 19. per dialogos.] Quia ex litterali scientia.
  • Berningham, doctor Carmel: super Sententias.
  • Ware super Sententias.
  • Walsingham super Sententias.
  • Richardus Hampoole de incendio amoris.
  • De excellentia contemplationis
  • Carmen Rithmicum nomine Meli.
  • De emendatione vitae.
  • Carmen Rithmicum nomine Philomela.
  • Speculum S. Edmundi, archiepiscopi Cantuar:

Links

Notes

  1. Holder, citing J. Röhrkasten, The Mendicant Houses of Medieval London, 1221–1539, Vita Regularis, 21 (Münster: Lit Verlag, 2004), pp. 51–2
  2. Holder cites Röhrkasten, pp. 484, 536; K. W. Humphreys, The Friars’ Libraries, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 1 (London: British Library in association with the British Academy, 1990), pp. 177–88
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